Kayaking; rescue techniques: HI-Rescue & T-Rescue techniques:
The HI-rescue is a useful rescue technique if you have two kayaks to help.
One of the things that you should do before you go kayak touring is to make sure that you know all of the necessary methods for helping yourself and other people who may be in the water. While it's always useful to know how to do certain rolls like the eskimo roll, that is not necessarily realistic, and not everybody will know how to do this roll. Not only that, for various reasons, it's always possible that the roll won't work for somebody who needs it, at which point alternate techniques may be necessary, including the HI-rescue technique.
Unlike the T-rescue or X-rescue techniques, which can be performed by only one kayaker beyond the person who is being helped, the HI-rescue technique actually requires two kayaks to perform. However, this is a very useful technique, because if you are kayaking in a small group you'll have enough people to do what is needed, and you'll also find that this is one of the more effective methods for getting all of the water out of a kayak while you're on the water.
The reason that this is one of the more effective methods is that this method actually involves picking the entire kayak out of the water and turning it over so that the water can drain out. In both the X-rescue and the T-rescue techniques, the kayak is turned on its side or upside down by only one other kayaker while part of the kayak is still in the water. It's always possible that after one of these other techniques there is lots of water left in the kayak.
The HI-rescue is not difficult to perform. First of all, both of the rescuing kayaks need to move up near the capsized kayak. Since this procedure will involve picking the capsized kayak entirely out of the water, make sure that the person who had been paddling that kayak grabs onto one of the rescuing kayaks, so that they are not separated from the group.
Next, the two rescuing kayaks should move close to one another and place their paddles across between the two kayaks. This will form an H-like formation. The capsized kayak is then lifted up between the two kayaks and held on the paddles. By rocking the kayak from side to side, you'll be able to get most, if not all, of the water out. Then you'll be ready to put the kayak back in the water and help the other person get back into their kayak.
The T-Rescue is a two-person method of righting a capsized kayak.
One of the reasons that you should never go kayaking alone is that if you are with somebody else, then there are a lot of other techniques that you can use in case something goes wrong while you’re kayaking. For instance, you’ll have somebody to help you get back into your kayak should you capsize and need to perform the wet exit. One of these techniques is called the T-rescue.
In order to perform the T-rescue technique, you will need two people, one of whom stays in their kayak. Then, you should have the other person capsize their kayak and get out. If you are just learning how to do the T-rescue for the first time, then you should try to do it in a pool or a small pond that does not have a lot of wave activity. After you learn the T-rescue in a pool or on flat water, then you should attempt it in a slightly less calm situation so that you can be sure you’ll know how to do it if you are ever in a realistic situation out at sea.
First you want the person who is still in their kayak to paddle up and coast until they are perpendicular to your capsized kayak. The bow of your kayak should be just even with where they are sitting in the cockpit of their kayak so that they can pull the kayak up into their lap. This will allow the kayak to be drained. You should always make sure that you are holding onto the other end of your kayak for more support and control over where the kayak is going.
Next, the person who is still in their kayak should right your kayak and slide it back into the water. You should maneuver the two boats so that they are parallel, and so that the cockpits are even. The person who is still in their kayak should lean over so that they are leaning all of their weight onto your kayak and hold it steady for you.
At this point, you should be able to get back into your kayak. This is actually probably the hardest part of the technique, so you should probably take some time to learn how to do this before you go on any lengthy kayak tours.